Types of brain injuries you may suffer in a car crash

On Behalf of | Jan 5, 2024 | Motor Vehicle Accidents |

Car crashes can cause a host of injuries, including those involving the brain. There are various types of brain injuries that might occur. They can range from mild concussions to severe trauma. The type and severity of the injury often depend on factors such as the nature of the crash, whether seatbelts were used and the victim’s position in the vehicle.

Understanding the basics of specific injuries is crucial for victims of these crashes. This can play a role in the healing process, as well as a claim for compensation if the brain injury was caused as a result of someone else’s negligence.


A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury that happens when the brain is jolted inside the skull from a direct blow or a sudden stop. Symptoms can include headaches, dizziness, nausea, confusion and temporary loss of consciousness. While concussions are generally considered mild, their effects can be serious and long-lasting, especially if they’re not adequately treated.


A contusion is a bruise on the brain that may result from a direct impact to the head. In car accidents, this can occur from hitting the head on the steering wheel, dashboard or windows. Contusions can cause swelling and may lead to more serious complications, such as a hematoma, where blood collects in or around the brain.

Diffuse axonal injury

Diffuse axonal injury is caused by severe rotation or shaking of the head, such as what often happens in high-speed car crashes. This type of injury leads to the tearing of the brain’s long connecting nerve fibers, which are known as axons.

Symptoms can range from headache and dizziness to unconsciousness and permanent brain damage. DAI is one of the more severe types of brain injuries because it can lead to widespread brain damage and long-term functional impairment.

Penetrating injuries

In severe car accidents, objects can penetrate the skull and enter the brain. These injuries are often catastrophic, leading to serious complications or death. Immediate medical attention is critical. The long-term prognosis depends on the extent and location of the injury.

When a victim suffers one of these brain injuries, they’ll likely require costly medical care. They may be unable to return to work immediately. Seeking compensation from a liable party can help to cover the financial damages associated with an injurious crash.